The enormous rise in antibiotic resistance patterns against pathogenic bacteria has a significant impact on human health around the world. The current body of literature indicates that emerging tools such as nanoparticles can be used against lethal infections caused by bacteria, based on statements made by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention about the world entering a post-antibiotic era and forecasts about human mortality due to bacterial infection being higher than cancer mortality. Furthermore, a new notion of nanomaterial-based approaches can
deal with common antimicrobial problems like antibiotic resistance. By highlighting the usefulness of nanomaterial surface design and production for antimicrobial cargo, the current review focuses on diverse approaches to preventing bacterial infection utilizing nanoparticles and assisting in the fabrication of antimicrobial nano therapeutics.